ALTER SEQUENCE — change the definition of a sequence generator
ALTER SEQUENCE [schema.]sequence [ sequence_option [,... ] ]
sequence_option can be one of the following:
START WITH value QUANTUM SIZE size
ALTER SEQUENCE is used to specify a new starting value of an existing sequence. Future values of the sequence will not be less than the value specified. This operation can not be rolled back and its effects are instantly visible to all other transactions.
ALTER SEQUENCE command can also change the
QUANTUM SIZE for the sequence. This is the size of the block of integer values that will be reserved for a transaction engine (TE) to be later assigned.
For details about sequence behavior, see CREATE SEQUENCE.
By default, only the user that creates a sequence database object can
ALTER the sequence. This user can
ALTER privilege on the sequence to other users (see
SELECT privilege needs to be granted to other users to
SELECT from the sequence.
Name of an existing
valueis optional. It sets the new starting value for the
valuemust be an integer value greater than the current
ceiling valuefor the sequence. The starting
valuemust be an integer value greater than zero (0). The starting
valuecan also be an expression that returns an integer value. Some examples of an expression include, but are not limited to:
A scalar SQL
SELECT). This must be enclosed by parentheses. This includes all valid SQL
SELECTstatements, including statements using aggregate functions,
LIMIT, etc. The SQL
SELECTstatement must return a number value.
A scalar user defined function (UDF).
A mathematical formula.
New size indicating the block size for the number of integer values that will be reserved for a given TE. The default value is 100.
The following example creates a sequence and creates a table that uses the new sequence to generate ID column values.
USE TEST CREATE SEQUENCE seq_test START WITH 1; CREATE TABLE tst_table (id INTEGER GENERATED ALWAYS AS IDENTITY (seq_test), column2 STRING); INSERT INTO tst_table (column2) VALUES ('row1'),('row2'); SELECT * FROM tst_table; ID COLUMN2 --- -------- 1 row1 2 row2 SELECT NEXT VALUE FOR seq_test FROM DUAL; [NEXT VALUE FOR TEST.SEQ_TEST] ------------------------------- 3 INSERT INTO tst_table (column2) VALUES ('row3'),('row4'); SELECT * FROM tst_table; ID COLUMN2 --- -------- 1 row1 2 row2 4 row3 5 row4
ALTER SEQUENCE command can use the
START WITH option to change the new starting value of a sequence, but can only increase it. In the following example, the START WITH option value of one (1) is less than the current value 6. Therefore, the sequence is not altered.
ALTER SEQUENCE seq_test START WITH 1000; SELECT NEXT VALUE FOR seq_test FROM DUAL; [NEXT VALUE FOR TEST.SEQ_TEST] ------------------------------- 1000
ALTER SEQUENCE command is not transactional. Its effects become visible immediately to all transactions and can’t be rolled back.